Create the Game of Life's User Interface
Project: Learn SpriteBuilder and Swift by building the Game of Life
Project: Learn SpriteBuilder and Swift by building the Game of Life
In this first step we will set up the user interface. Once we are done with this chapter the UI of the game will look like this:
Get started by downloading our art pack for this game.
After you unpacked it, drag the
GameOfLifeAssets folder into your SpriteBuilder project onto the left panel. This will automatically add the resources to your project.
We won't create a tablet version of this game and the assets are provided in iPhone retina resolution (2x). We need to change a project setting to tell SpriteBuilder that the assets we are using are provided in 2x resolution.
File > Project Settings and change Default scaling from to
MainScene.ccb and highlight
CCNodeGradient in the timeline. Hit the
delete key. Do the same for
CCLabelTTF - you should end up with a black screen. Note that you cannot delete the root CCNode.
background.png to the stage of
MainScene.ccb. We want to center the background so set the anchor point to
(0.5, 0.5) and choose the position to be expressed in % of parent container - and choose
50% for both X and Y position:
It's a good idea to design for multiple screen sizes from the start instead of going back to clean things up later.
You can test that the background is centered correctly by changing the resolution of the stage. That feature gives you a preview of how your game will look on different device types. Choose Document > Resolution to switch between Phone Landscape and Phone Landscape (short):
You can also use the keyboard shortcuts:
Your background image should stay centered in both resolution modes.
We will create the grid in a separate CCB file because it will be linked to a custom class later on.
Create a new CCB-File (File > New > File) of type Sprite and call it
CCSprite root node of
Grid.ccb in the timeline and set the Sprite Frame to
grid.png in the right panel. Also set the anchor point to
We set the anchor point to (1, 0.5) because we want to position the grid from the right edge of the screen.
Make sure to save (cmd+s) or your grid will not display correctly later on!
Now open MainScene.ccb again by double clicking on it and drag Grid.ccb onto the stage.
This will add the grid as Sub-CCB-File to the MainScene.
Now change the positioning of the grid:
This means the grid will be positioned 10 points from the right edge and it will be vertically centered. You can again test by switching between the different resolutions.
As you can see on the screenshot at the beginning of this tutorial we will have a couple of UI elements on the left side of the screen. We want all of them to be centered. To achieve this we are going to use a little layout trick where we use an invisible CCNode and position other nodes inside of it.
Add a CCNode to your scene by choosing a Node from the Node Library View. Set the width to be defined in Width insets in point with a value of
This means the Node will have the size of the parent node minus the value you defined as width. This is ideal for our User Interface because we can setup the left node to take up all space not used by the grid.
Set the height to be 100% of the parent container.
Before you move on, double check that your size settings are exactly the same as shown in the screenshot. When you test with different resolutions you should see how the left node resizes, always taking all the space that is not used by the grid. Scroll up to the background image step if you forgot how to change devices resolutions!
We have a couple different elements that we need to add to the left panel and they all need to be placed one below the other. Instead of doing this manually we can use a nice Cocos2d component called CCLayoutBox.
Drag a Box Layout from the Node library to your scene - make sure you add it as a child of the left container node we just created. Set the anchor point to (0.5, 0.5) and x and y to 50% of the parent container - this will center the Box Layout in the left Node. Also set the layout direction to vertical so that the Nodes are arranged one below the other:
Great! Now it is time to set up your game's UI!
Go to the Node Library (left panel, third tab) and find the Button node.
Add 2 buttons to the layout box. Set the anchor point of both buttons to (0.5, 0.5).
Now go to your resources and add balloon.png and microscope.png to the layout box. Reorder the elements so that they appear in the same order as displayed in the image below. To do so you have to reorder the elements in the timeline.
Finally, increase the Spacing on the CCLayoutBox to 8 points.
When you are done it should look like this:
Now set the correct images for the buttons.
You need to remove the title, set the preferred size to the full size of the image
(70, 35) and set the sprite frames for the Normal State (play.png and pause.png respectively) and the Highlighted State (play-pressed.png and pause-pressed.png respectively):
In this step, add four labels as children of the balloon. These will form our scoreboard.
Go back to the Node Library, find the Node type called Label TTF, and drag four of them onto the balloon in your timeline. Adjust the labels to match the screenshot (hint - this is a great chance to practice using Box Layout again!) :
Great! Now the UI is set and autoresizes nicely for 3.5-inch and 4-inch phones.
Now it's time to set up code connections before we switch to Xcode and you start implementing the actual game. We want to tell SpriteBuilder how this UI you've created will interact with the classes and methods we will implement in code.
Let's start with the labels - we need code connections in order to update the label values as the game state changes.
Select the second label, go to the Code Connections view (second button on the top of the right panel), and create a code connection called populationLabel - be sure to choose Doc root var from the dropdown box and leave the Custom Class field blank!
Now do the same thing for the bottom label, but call the connection generationLabel.
We also want to create a connection for our grid.
Select the grid on the stage and create a connection called grid in the same way you created connections for the labels.
Next we have to tell SpriteBuilder which methods to call when our buttons are touched.
Set the selector play for the play button. Make sure to select the Document root as target:
Repeat this step and set the selector pause for the pause button.
Now for the very last step in SpriteBuilder!
Open Grid.ccb in your resources by double clicking on it and set a custom class Grid for the root node:
Now save, publish (File > Publish)
Congrates! You are ready to move on to implementing the Game of Life in code! :)
If you have feedback on this tutorial or find any mistakes, please open issues on the GitHub Repository or comment below.
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