Recording Audio with AVFoundation

Lets encapsulate the functionality of playing and recording audio files.

Create a new file called AudioHandler.swift in the AudioHandler folder.

Copy the following into the AudioHandler.swift file:

// 1. Setup audio recorder
var recorder: AVAudioRecorder?

// 2. Specify mp3 format for recording audio and medium quality
let recorderSetting: [String: Any] = [
    AVFormatIDKey: kAudioFormatMPEGLayer3,
    AVEncoderAudioQualityKey: AVAudioQuality.medium

// 3. Recording output path
let audioOutputBasePath = try! FileManager.default.url(
    for: .documentDirectory,
    in: .userDomainMask,
    appropriateFor: nil,
    create: false

// 4. Extension for mp3 file
let fileExtension = ".mp3"

func prepareRecorder() {
    // 4. Create a unique id for our audio file and add mp3 extension
    let fileName = UUID().uuidString

    let outputFileURL = audioOutputBasePath

    guard let recorder = try? AVAudioRecorder(
        url: outputFileURL,
        settings: recorderSetting
        ) else {return}

    self.recorder = recorder

    recorder.delegate = self

func startRecording() {

func stopRecording() {

Whats happening in this file?

We setup an audio recorder with AVFoundation. Specify the type of audio file (.mp3) and the quality of the audio - we use medium quality so we don't end up uploading large files.

We then specify an output for our recorded files. They will live in the documents documentDirectory in the app's Document Container.

The prepareToRecord function creates a unique id for our audio file and sets up the recorder to record.

Next add this extension to AudioHandler.swift:

extension AudioHandler: AVAudioRecorderDelegate {
    // 5. Called when we are done recording
    func audioRecorderDidFinishRecording(_ recorder: AVAudioRecorder, successfully flag: Bool) {


This will handle the output from recording.

Adding an Audio Player

Lets extend the functionality of the AudioHandler to include playing audio files as well. Add this to the AudioHandler.

var player: AVAudioPlayer?

func playAudio(voiceURL: URL) {
    player = try? AVAudioPlayer(contentsOf: voiceURL)

func stopAudio() {

What is happening here?

We setup an audio player to play an audio file from a specific URL

We also create helper functions to play and stop the audio

Setting audio recording permissions

To record audio from a user's device on iOS, we will need to ask for permission.

Lets add the audio recording permission to our info.plist file.

iOS Audio recording permission


  • AVFoundation has functionality to record and play audio files.
  • When recording audio files, we will need to store them in a temporary location to be uploaded later on.


If you have feedback on this tutorial or find any mistakes, please open issues on the GitHub Repository or comment below.

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